The Program and its projects are unique within their sphere since no similar programs have ever been conducted by the Russian Federation in other countries of the world. The Program is extremely important for regional and global safety since it helps to establish efficient controls over the epidemiological situation and take timely prophylactic measures as well as provide timely medical aid to the population, especially various risk groups such as emigrants, members of their families, injection drug users and others. It is one of the tools used to fight global threats like drug addiction, drug trafficking and illegal migration.